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What is a YTM and WACC in the Finance Industry?

A yield to maturity (YTM) is the annualized rate of return that an investor will get if they hold a bond until it matures. Just like other bonds, the YTM is calculated by dividing the sum of the present value of all future cash flows by the price paid.

Yield to maturity is a measure of the annualized return on a bond without taking into account day-to-day fluctuations in the price. This is an important number for investors who are interested in buying bonds that mature in many years or who are looking for regular income payments.

WACC stands for Weighted Average Cost of Capital. It is a gauge of the cost of financing a company, taken as a percentage of funds raised. The calculation uses both the cost of debt and the cost of equity.

What are NPV and PV in the Finance Industry?

NPV stands for Net Present Value. Net present value is an accounting tool that calculates the worth of a future cash flow. It is used in business to evaluate investments and compare different options, such as which project has the greatest potential for profitability. It is also used when calculating interest on loans or to decide how much money should be set aside in an emergency fund.

PV stands for Profit Value. The present value of an investment is the net amount that a person would receive if they were to invest now and then sell it in the future. Present values are calculated by considering the time value of money, which is the principle that $1 today is worth more than $1 tomorrow because it can be invested and earn interest.

How to Calculate NPV and PV in 5 Steps

NPV is a finance term that refers to the net present value of an investment or portfolio.

In order to calculate NPV and PV for a particular investment, it is important to first determine the future cash flows. If this is done, then it's easy to determine if a project or investment has a positive NPV or not.

Here are 5 steps on how to calculate NPV and PV:

  1. Input the cash flows of the project/investment
  2. Determine the discount rate
  3. Determine the annual percentage yield
  4. Compute the net present value
  5. Compute present value

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